- LCG, CEG, and 'Core Europe'
- Notes and Commentary on 1 Kings 12–16
- Revelation 17:12-14
- Dasharajnya – The Battle of Ten Kings
- The Antichrist and His Ten Kings?
The line of seven kings, represented by the seven heads, refers to Julius through Galba, who initiated the Roman civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Although I think this solution is logically valid, I propose that the language of Daniel 7 sheds even more light on this phrase. And there are seven kings: five are fallen, and one is, and the other is not yet come; and when he cometh, he must continue a short space. And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition Revelation , Further, this was not an esoteric reference among some obscure religious sect.
In fact, Nero had such a fearsome reputation among Christians that even many of the futurist premillennialists of the early centuries believed that Nero would soon rise from the dead as an Antichrist figure. From a preterist viewpoint, we should at least agree with Calvin that the line of ten kings represented by ten horns in Daniel 7 refers to time of the Roman Empire. By extension, the seven heads and ten horns Revelation 13, 17 also represent the line of Roman emperors.
Many say they are contemporaneous, but I will explain here that the ten kings include the same line of kings as the seven, but now stretching to the time of Vespasian as the tenth king. And the beast that was, and is not, even he is the eighth, and is of the seven, and goeth into perdition Revelation One criticism of the preterist view that the Beast is Nero, and in a larger sense the Roman Empire, is that the Roman Empire was not finally defeated in AD It is true that the Roman Imperial power went on after AD But after Nero it never again rose to the same power.
The Roman Empire was gradually subsumed by the Christian Church in the next years. This is similar to saying that the Babylonians conquered the Assyrians in the 7th century BC in fulfillment of biblical prophecy Isaiah , , —22; Jonah ,2; Nahum This is true, but the Assyrians still had some power and raided cities in Judea into the 6th century BC. So it is correct to say that the biblical prophecies against the Assyrian Empire were fulfilled by Nabopolassar at the Battle of Nineveh in BC, and later by his son, Nebuchadnezzar, at the Battle of Carchemish in BC, who finished off the remnants of the former Assyrian Empire.
However, Assyria did not immediately go out of existence. It took another few decades for their power to be completely extinguished. The Beast is Rome. Nero is a head. The head is injured to death, but Revelation says the Beast revives. This implies gradualism. And this does not only apply to Rome. The kingdoms of this world will become the kingdoms of our God throughout the course of history. The theme of a great empire that goes into perdition when the kingdom of God appears is recapitulated throughout Daniel and Revelation.
This is the meaning of the seven heads, the eighth head, and the ten horns.
LCG, CEG, and 'Core Europe'
Some will immediately object that when we come to Revelation ,13, it is not possible to interpret the ten kings as a line of succession. These have one mind, and shall give their power and strength unto the beast Revelation , In context, we should notice that chapter 17 follows the same structure and pattern of the symbolism of both the prophecy of Daniel 7 and several of the surrounding chapters of Revelation namely, various beasts and the adulterous woman in Revelation chapters 9,11,12,13,16,17, In the book of Revelation, preterists mostly agree that the seven heads of the Beast are the line of Caesars from Julius to Galba.
We should also notice that the words, kingdom , power , and strength are repeated throughout the book of Revelation. In this context, they are actually synonymous.
Notes and Commentary on 1 Kings 12–16
As in Daniel 7, the ten horns are ten kings. But does John mean they are successive or contemporaneous?
- Ten Kings of Revelation ;
- The First Three Kingdoms of Babylon, Medo-Persia, and Greece (605 – 146 BC).
- Daniel - Bible Gateway?
No, John is here using a figure of speech. The purpose of Revelation 17 is not to make a prediction concerning when the ten kings will arise. In other words, God himself would turn Rome from being an ally of the Jewish persecution on the Christians to warring on Judea and ultimately destroying in the Temple at Jerusalem.
It is important to note that for the first few decades recorded in the New Testament, the locus of persecution of the Church was mainly with the Jews, not the Roman civil powers. The early Christians were put out of the synagogues and the apostles were spoken against by the Jews. But the civil authorities were generally ambivalent. Peter and Paul implored their hearers to pray for governing authorities as ministers of righteousness 1 Peter ; 1 Timothy ,2.
They commanded Christians to live at peace with all men Romans Paul himself appealed to Caesar and spent three to four years of his life under house arrest awaiting his trial before Nero Acts , Paul was probably released in early AD The martyrdom of James, the brother of the Lord and a bishop in the Church at Jerusalem, occurred around this time. The Sanhedrin evidently used that opportunity to increase their persecution of the Church. Then in AD 66, due to the mismanagement of Judea by the Roman governor Gessius Florus, riots spurred by a tax revolt broke out in Jerusalem.
First, the language is repeated so that one part interprets the next. They are also portrayed as individuals. We should consider whether they are separate groups of seven and ten or a synonymous collective; and whether they are consecutive kings or contemporaneous governors.
Dasharajnya – The Battle of Ten Kings
Second, the relationship between the harlot and the beast shifts throughout the vision. In the beginning, she is related to the seven kings by having her seat among them. She carries an air of pagan authority. Her authority is likened to idolatry, immorality and drunkenness. This authority gives her the ability to persecute the saints. And their dead bodies will lie in the street of the great city which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified Revelation This individual is also Nero.
We saw that this beast is the Roman Empire.
The Antichrist and His Ten Kings?
The eighth king likely symbolizes Rome as an imperial force raised from the dead after the death of Nero. Like the eighth king, they likely symbolize Rome collectively and refer to the line of ten kings from Julius to Vespasian, as in my interpretation of the ten kings in Daniel 7. This interpretation comes into clearer focus as we look at the parallel structure of Revelation Using the same parallel structure as Daniel 7 , John first sees a vision vv. The parallel structure here begins in an A. B,C, A,B,C pattern. They are ten kings, who haven't received their kingly power, but they will receive it for a short time.
Further, they will share their authority with the beast. Based on typical interpretations of this passage, and of the timeline of the tribulation, it seems the kings will govern a confederacy of ten states at the beginning of the tribulation. Likely, this confederacy will involve nations in Western Europe, which is territory once occupied by the Roman Empire. Poland, and as you know Romania is not really very enthusiastic with the Soviet, and neither is Yugoslavia. And I can begin to see some of those nations breaking loose from the Russian orbit and going in.
Instead of the Scandinavian nations, they will go in with France and Germany; and with Spain and Portugal and Italy, and form the ten That is coming along. Bible Study, Date: November 8, As far as "core Europe" goes, this is something that LCG brings up from time to time. Here are several such events:. This core group could become the end-time Roman Empire, which will consist of ten nations, pictured as ten horns on a fearsome beast in Bible prophecy. Ponder C. Europe a step closer to reviving the Holy Roman Empire!
LCG Commentary, July 7, Events in Europe are driving a wedge between Britain and the core nations of the EU including Germany. Bible prophecy and an understanding of the true identity of the Israelite-descended nations make it clear that Britain and France are actually brothers.
These current military actions bear watching in light of the prophesied future of the Israelite-descended nations during the great tribulation. Will greater cooperation between these two nations occur, or will France be pulled further into the core of Europe, as author Christopher Booker suggests Telegraph , October 23, ? British-French defense agreement. This short-lived political union will cooperate with and be influenced by a great world-church see Revelation Events in Europe are fitting into ancient Bible prophecies.