- The role of maritime spatial planning on the advance of blue energy in the European Union | Tethys
- European Spatial Development Perspective
- European spatial planning policy
- Education & Programmes
Finally, this whole process seems to point to progressive changes in territorial organisation. Ministers in charge of spatial planning have recently adopted a spatial development perspective for the European Union territory, which is proposing a spatial vision for the entire Union territory. They considered that even if spatial planning does not lie within European Union jurisdiction, it was essential to have general and common plans in order to develop national policies on spatial planning and community-based sector policies ESDP, p. Moreover, the various development projects put forward by Member States should be based on common goals at European level in terms of spatial planning so as to complement one another and to avoid unnecessary competition.
The ESDP identifies in particular:. Transeuropean networks transportation, telecommunications and energy supply infrastructures. The three fields of action chosen by the Ministers in charge of spatial planning are:. Development of a multiple nuclei model for urban areas and a new city-country relation. Sustainable development, conservative management and natural and cultural heritage preservation. EU membership candidates also participated in the dialogue.
Moreover, it appeared that one should also include in the process the issue of economic growth within the context of the European Economic Space and of the strengthening of transborder social and cultural links. The Euroregion was created in , as an official Economic Interest Group, with a Members Council, composed of one elected senior representative per region chaired by the Minister of External Affairs for the Brussels-Capital Region, Mrs. Development of economic activity, technology and tourism. This project falls within the scope of the community approach in favour of supraregional co-operation and supported by Interreg programmes in particular.
As a result, it allows a confrontation between wishes and real possibilities. The components of the Euroregion: the Belgian and French regions and the British county- their authority and jurisdiction in terms of spatial planning,. The spatial planning practices, the positioning of their strategic document in the national planning structure,. These entities have the power to legislate on an equal footing with the Federal State.
- The Umweltbundesamt.
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Despite the fact that they are at different stages of implementation, these schemes are all being used in strategies and decisions dealing with public policies. Schemes are also being developed at lower level provincial and municipal in Flanders, only municipal in Wallonia and Brussels. So it is very difficult to undertake actions contrary to their objectives. Consequently, one can expect that they will be renewed at each term of office as planned in the legislation except for Wallonia.
The role of maritime spatial planning on the advance of blue energy in the European Union | Tethys
With a population of 15 million inhabitants, it is nonetheless seen as an interstitial area between the four major conurbations of 5 to 10 million inhabitants, i. London, Paris, Randstad Holland and the Ruhr area. This applied to the regions in The Act on the rights and freedom of the municipalities, department and regions, in addition to setting up regions as genuine territorial entities also reformed the way in which the territorial entities were organised, by introducing decentralisation. The Regions have their own administration, but no initial prescriptive power.
However, their regulatory decisions are directly binding by right and are subsequently submitted to a legality control.
European Spatial Development Perspective
Their financial ressources are coming mostly from State transfers overall allocations to be used as the regions see fit. For Nord-Pas de Calais, a planning contract came to his end, and a new one is negotiated, but no regional plan has been developed yet, and the most representative document is the Regional Trends and Orientations paper which the planning Contract will have to take into account.
Several plans also exist at a more local level, essentially at intermunicipal level, given the small size of French municipalities. After a long period of continuity, there has been a major upheaval since the s, under the different Conservative governments. Here we will consider local government in England, the Counties and Districts smaller. Table 1. Comparison of the planning system of the five regions Euroregion. It is also worth noting that strategic schemes are at various levels in their respective planning hierarchy and follow different practices, in particular when dealing with implementation means and players.
They stem from other requirements, primarily established by the national government.
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They are developed by territorial communities, in this case French regions and English counties, that share jurisdiction with both central State and the other levels of territorial communities municipalities, districts, supra regional bodies. These territorial communities all have relative authority as well as financial means that heavily depend on central government. At this stage, it consists of statements of political intention as part of the evolving status of regions. In order to find out what the specific short-term applications are, we will need to analyse the planning contract, which determines budget preferences and associate national and regional levels.
It is the only one that emerges as a technical paper, and not a political one, yet it also has a coercive force with public authorities. Apart from the fact that public authorities involved have different levels of authority and jurisdiction, one must also take into account negotiators belonging to the private sector, especially in England, even though this is generally a matter that comes within the scope of public policies.
European spatial planning policy
MSP is capable of definitively driving the use of offshore renewable facilities. Its proper application supportsdecision making, simplifies and accelerates the process of obtaining permits, improves compatibility of uses,integrates stakeholders in planning, prevents environmental deterioration of sensitive areas, enhances theavailability of information and promotes cross-border co-operation. This paper aims to evaluate the influence ofmaritime spatial planning processes on the advance of blue energy within the framework of the European Union.
The results show positive relationships between MSP and the development of offshore renewable energy incountries such as Germany, the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. Skip to main content. The role of maritime spatial planning on the advance of blue energy in the European Union Journal Article. Title: The role of maritime spatial planning on the advance of blue energy in the European Union. Publication Date: January 01, Table of Contents: 1. Introduction 2.
Education & Programmes
Institutions of the European Spatial Development Policy 3. Conclusion 5. References 1. Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten Ill. Sign in to write a comment. Read the ebook. Iceland and Eu