- School is supposed to prepare you for the real world
- It should not be a teachers job
- Banning spanking, corporal punishment tied to less youth violence
- OPINION: You can say no to corporal punishment
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Punishing children when they do wrong seems to be one important way of doing this. For several decades now, poll after poll shows it topping the list of parents' concerns. Hymowitz says that, "the public's sense that something has gone drastically wrong with school discipline isn't mistaken. Over the past thirty years or so, the courts and federal government have hacked away at the power of educators to maintain a safe and civil school environment. Template:Ref improve section Corporal punishment in official settings, such as schools and prisons, has typically been carried out as a formal ceremony, with a standard procedure, emphasising the solemnity of the occasion.
In the case of prison or judicial punishments, formal punishment might begin with the offender stripped of some or all of their clothing and secured to a piece of furniture, such as a trestle or frame,   X-cross , punishment horse or falaka. In some cases the nature of the offence is read out and the sentence consisting of a predetermined number of strokes is formally imposed. A variety of implements may be used to inflict blows on the offender. The terms used to describe these are not fixed, varying by country and by context.
There are, however, a number of common types that are encountered when reading about corporal punishment. These include:.
School is supposed to prepare you for the real world
In some instances the offender is required to prepare the implement himself. For instance, sailors were employed in preparing the cat o' nine tails that would be used upon their own back, while school students were sometimes sent out to cut a switch or rod. In contrast, informal punishments, particularly in domestic settings, tend to lack this ritual nature and are often administered with whatever object comes to hand.
It is common, for instance, for belts, wooden spoons, slippers, hairbrushes or coathangers to be used in domestic punishment, while rulers and other classroom equipment have been used in schools.
It should not be a teachers job
In parts of England, boys were once beaten under the old tradition of " Beating the Bounds " whereby a boy was paraded around the edge of a city or parish and would be spanked with a switch or cane to mark the boundary. The actual stone that separated the boundary is now underneath the Centre Point office tower. The German psychologist Richard von Krafft-Ebing suggested that a tendency to sadism and masochism may develop out of the experience of children receiving corporal punishment at school. Sign In Don't have an account? For other forms of physical punishment, see physical punishment.
Legality of school corporal punishment in the United States. Contents [ show ]. See also: Campaigns against corporal punishment.
Banning spanking, corporal punishment tied to less youth violence
The scholemaster , John Daye, London, , p. Republished by Constable, London, A Last Resort? Corporal Punishment in Schools , Penguin, London, , p. Chrestomathia Martin J. Smith and Wyndham H. Burston, eds. She began to teach him herself, at home.
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Faye wanted school authorities to hold the teachers accountable. They reminded her, however, that corporal punishment is legal in their district, and refused to take disciplinary action against the two teachers who had hit her son. When she tried to file assault charges, the police dissuaded her, saying she had to "follow school procedure. Faye was left feeling that she had no way to seek justice for the injuries her son had already sustained, and no way to protect him from future harm.
Though Tim asked to go back to school, Faye felt she could not offer him a guarantee of safety in their public school district. How do you explain this to your son, after this? Tim's mother's tenacity and commitment to protecting her son's rights make this story extraordinary. Yet in other ways, Tim's story is far from unique.
In school districts in many states, students of all ages are routinely subjected to corporal punishment. Hundreds of school districts allow students to be beaten, and state legislatures provide specific legal protection for educators who injure students when using corporal punishment. Studies show that beatings can damage the trust between educator and student, corrode the educational environment, and leave the student unable to learn effectively, making it more likely he or she will leave school. African-American students are punished at disproportionately high rates, creating a hostile environment in which minority students struggle to succeed.
The United States is out of step with international practice and jurisprudence on the use of corporal punishment in schools. Today countries outlaw the practice, including the United Kingdom and other European countries, following rulings on corporal punishment by the European Court of Human Rights. Experts charged with issuing definitive interpretations of international human rights treaties also consistently have concluded that corporal punishment by school officials and teachers violates governmental obligations to protect children from physical violence and cruel, inhuman, and degrading treatment.
The disproportionate use of corporal punishment against African-American students in particular violates the right to non-discrimination in accessing education. As students across the United States return to school each year, they, like their parents, are hoping for academic success. Policymakers and educators have the important responsibility of creating an educational environment based on respect, including an effective disciplinary system.
Yet for many students, "discipline" means extensive use of violence.
According to the Office for Civil Rights at the US Department of Education, , students nationwide received corporal punishment at least once in the school year, including 49, students in Texas alone, the largest number of any state. In Mississippi, 7. The actual numbers almost surely are higher: Human Rights Watch interviewees reported that corporal punishment is often administered in a chaotic environment in which many instances of the practice are not recorded.
One administrator reported that 37 students in a single day were sent to his office for corporal punishment. A high school student in another district estimated that as many as 60 students a day are paddled at her school. Today 21 US states permit corporal punishment to be used in schools.
Corporal punishment usually takes the form of paddling also called "swats," "pops," or "licks". A teacher or administrator swings a hard wooden paddle that is typically a foot-and-a-half long against the child's buttocks, anywhere between three and 10 times.
OPINION: You can say no to corporal punishment
Paddling can happen in the office or elsewhere, as noted by one Mississippi teacher: "The principal would do it in the hallway, in the classroom, in the band room. He would patrol the hallways with a paddle.
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Even students who are not punished find themselves in a hostile, violent environment designed to instill fear. One student told us that "licks would be so loud and hard you could hear it through the walls. He was trying to send a message … [l]ike, 'you could be next. Minor bruising and stinging are the most common results of corporal punishment. Some children are more seriously injured. Some parents we interviewed sought medical care for their children who, like Tim L. Other children sustained blows to other parts of their bodies, including their hands or arms when they reached back to protect themselves.
Corporal punishment can also impact students' mental health, especially for some special education students.
For hundreds of thousands of school children in the US, violence inflicted by those in authority is a regular part of their experience at school. All corporal punishment, whether or not it causes significant physical injury, represents a violation of each student's rights to physical integrity and human dignity.
It is degrading and humiliating, damaging the student's self-esteem and making him or her feel helpless. A number of teachers told us that as students are beaten, or see those around them beaten, the trust between administrators, teachers, and students is often destroyed. Over time, students may become less engaged in school and less interested in exploring and discovering new academic concepts.
Read PDF Corporal Punishment 5 - The Bend
Corporal punishment may result in the student failing to thrive academically and may contribute to school drop out. Though some educators believe that corporal punishment is an effective way to deter students from misbehavior, including students who may engage in physically disruptive and harmful behaviors like fighting, corporal punishment teaches students that violence is legitimate.
Research suggests that children who are physically punished are more inclined to engage in aggressive conduct toward their siblings, parents, teachers, and schoolmates. As a consequence of the helplessness and humiliation felt by students who experience corporal punishment, some students become angry: students told Human Rights Watch that it only makes them want to lash out against teachers or other students. Others become depressed or withdrawn; still others become immune to the constant violence, accepting it as a part of their daily lives.
Some parents are concerned that the use of corporal punishment in schools could also legitimize domestic violence in the home. One mother observed: "What are we teaching our young women when a school principal can swat … on the behind? We're saying that it's okay for a man to beat a woman … [that's] something we don't want in our families. Corporal punishment in the US disproportionately affects African-American students, and in some areas, Native American students.
In the school year, African-American students made up In the same year, in the 13 states with the highest rates of paddling, 1. Although girls of all races were paddled less than boys, African-American girls were nonetheless physically punished at more than twice the rate of their white counterparts in those 13 states during this period.